Medical complications strongly affected the mortality of patients with stroke. However, only limited research has studied the effect of in-hospital medical complications on the mortality of patients with spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) globally. Using the China National Stroke Registry, the effect was prospectively and systematically investigated in patients with spontaneous ICH during their hospitalisation, at 3, 6 and 12 months after disease onset.
This study collected data on patients over 18 years old with spontaneous ICH from 132 Chinese clinical centres across 32 provinces and four municipalities (Hong Kong included), from September 2007 to August 2008. Data on patient complications, death and other information were acquired through paper-based registry forms. Using multivariable logistic regression, the association of medical complications with stroke outcomes was evaluated.
Of 3255 patients with spontaneous ICH, 878 (26.97%) had in-hospital medical complications. In-hospital medical complications were independent risk factors for death during the hospitalisation (adjusted OR 4.41, 95% CI 3.18 to 6.12), at 3 months (adjusted OR 2.18, 95% CI 1.70 to 2.80), 6 months (adjusted OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.45 to 2.34) and 12 months (adjusted OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.26 to 2.01) after spontaneous ICH.
The results revealed that the short-term and long-term mortality of patients with spontaneous ICH in China was significantly associated with their in-hospital medical complications.