To assess treatment effects on Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score worsening and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores in the N-MOmentum trial of inebilizumab, a humanized anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody, in participants with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD).
Adults (N = 230) with aquaporin-4 immunoglobulin G-seropositive NMOSD or -seronegative neuromyelitis optica and an EDSS score ≤8 were randomized (3:1) to receive inebilizumab 300 mg or placebo on days 1 and 15. The randomized controlled period (RCP) was 28 weeks or until adjudicated attack, with an option to enter the inebilizumab open-label period. Three-month EDSS-confirmed disability progression (CDP) was assessed using a Cox proportional hazard model. The effect of baseline subgroups on disability was assessed by interaction tests. mRS scores from the RCP were analyzed by the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney odds approach.
Compared with placebo, inebilizumab reduced the risk of 3-month CDP (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.375; 95% CI: 0.148–0.952; p = 0.0390). Baseline disability, prestudy attack frequency, and disease duration did not affect the treatment effect observed with inebilizumab (HRs: 0.213–0.503; interaction tests: all p > 0.05, indicating no effect of baseline covariates on outcome). Mean EDSS scores improved with longer-term treatment. Inebilizumab-treated participants were more likely to have a favorable mRS outcome at the end of the RCP (OR: 1.663; 95% CI: 1.195–2.385; p = 0.0023).
Disability outcomes were more favorable with inebilizumab vs placebo in participants with NMOSD.
Classification of Evidence
This study provides Class II evidence that for patients with NMOSD, inebilizumab reduces the risk of worsening disability. N-MOmentum is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02200770.