Primary CNS lymphoma after CLIPPERS: a case series

Introduction

Primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) represents an extranodal variant of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) confined to the central nervous system (CNS) at diagnosis.1 Few cases of PCNSL following an initial diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS), an inflammatory CNS condition with suspected autoimmune aetiology, have previously been described in the literature.2–4 In a recent study, 13 of 42 presumptive CLIPPERS cases were eventually diagnosed with various CLIPPERS mimics.3 NHL represented the largest subset of CLIPPERS mimics including two cases of PCNSL. Whether PCNSL represents a CLIPPERS mimic or complication remains subject of ongoing discussion. Some authors hypothesised CLIPPERS could be an early phase of CNS lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) with subsequent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated neoplastic transformation into CNS lymphoma.5 Characteristics of PCNSL following CLIPPERS remain poorly defined. Here, we analysed 10 cases and…

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