Iatrogenic cerebral radiation necrosis

Cerebral radiation necrosis is the most serious late reaction to high doses of ionising radiation to the brain, and its treatment is generally unsatisfactory. We present a patient who developed cerebral radiation necrosis after protracted fluoroscopy during repeated embolisations of an extracranial arteriovenous malformation. Treatment with bevacizumab (a humanised murine monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor) was followed by neurological and radiological improvements.

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