What is in the Literature

This edition of What is in the Literature focuses on chronic immune neuropathies as they represent treatable conditions. There are formal criteria to solidify the diagnosis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), but patients are encountered who have clinical and electrodiagnostic features of CIDP but do not fulfill diagnostic criteria. These patients are addressed in recent publications. CIDP (and variants) and other forms of immune-mediated neuropathies (multifocal motor neuropathy) are responsive early on to treatment, but long-term factors are less well described, and a number of publications focus on extended consequences. Acute immune neuropathies have been described in the setting of viral illness, and recent publications look at the question as to whether they are associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, idiopathic sensory neuropathies are the most common polyneuropathy, and consensus efforts to codify features into subtypes can be used clinically for a more precise diagnosis.

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