Association of Venous Outflow Profiles and Successful Vessel Reperfusion After Thrombectomy

Objective

Robust arterial collaterals are associated with successful reperfusion after thrombectomy treatment of acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion (AIS-LVO). Excellent venous outflow (VO) reflects excellent tissue perfusion and collateral status in patients with AIS-LVO. The goal of this study was to determine whether favorable VO profiles assessed on pretreatment CT angiography (CTA) images correlate with successful vessel reperfusion after thrombectomy in patients with AIS-LVO.

Methods

This was a multicenter retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients with AIS-LVO treated by thrombectomy. Baseline CTA was used to assess collateral status (Tan scale) and VO using the Cortical Vein Opacification Score (COVES). Favorable VO was defined as COVES ≥3. Primary outcome was excellent vessel reperfusion status (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction 2c/3). Secondary outcome was good functional outcome defined as a score of 0 to 2 on the modified Rankin Scale after 90 days.

Results

Five hundred sixty-five patients met the inclusion criteria. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that favorable VO (odds ratio [OR] 2.10 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.39–3.16]; p < 0.001) was associated with excellent vessel reperfusion during thrombectomy, regardless of good CTA collateral status (OR 0.87 [95% CI 0.58–1.34]; p = 0.48). A favorable VO profile (OR 8.9 [95%CI 5.3–14.9]; p < 0.001) and excellent vessel reperfusion status (OR 2.7 [95%CI 1.7–4.4]; p < 0.001) were independently associated with good functional outcome adjusted for age, sex, glucose, tissue plasminogen activator administration, good CTA collateral status, and presentation NIH Stroke Scale score.

Conclusion

A favorable VO profile is associated with reperfusion success and good functional outcomes in patients with AIS-LVO treated by endovascular thrombectomy.

Classification of Evidence

This study provides Class II evidence that a favorable VO profile is associated with reperfusion success and good functional outcomes in patients with AIS-LVO treated by endovascular thrombectomy.

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