To investigate the age-dependent impact of traditional stroke risk factors on the occurrence of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH).
We performed a case–control analysis, comparing consecutive patients with ICH with age-matched and sex-matched stroke-free controls, enrolled in the setting of the Multicenter Study on Cerebral Hemorrhage in Italy (MUCH-Italy) between 2002 and 2014 by multivariable logistic regression model within subgroups stratified by age quartiles (Q1–Q4).
We analysed 3492 patients and 3492 controls. The impact of untreated hypertension on the risk of ICH was higher in the lower than in the upper age quartile (OR 11.64, 95% CI 7.68 to 17.63 in Q1 vs OR 6.05, 95% CI 3.09 to 11.85 in Q4 with intermediate ORs in Q2 and Q3), while the opposite trend was observed for untreated hypercholesterolaemia (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.45 to 0.97 in Q1 vs OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.56 in Q4 with intermediate ORs in Q2 and Q3). The effect of untreated diabetes and excessive alcohol intake was detected only in the older age group (OR 3.63, 95% CI 1.22 to 10.73, and OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.13 to 2.51, respectively).
Our findings provide evidence of age-dependent differences in the effects of susceptibility factors on the risk of ICH.