1H‐MRS reveals metabolic alterations in generalized tonic‐clonic seizures before and after treatment

Aims

To explore the possible metabolic alterations of bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortices (DLPFC) of generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) patients before and after antiepileptic drugs treatment as compared with healthy controls (HCs) using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS).

Methods

We included 23 newly diagnosed and unmedicated GTCS patients and 23 sex- and age-matched HCs. Metabolites including N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), myo-inositol (Ins), choline (Cho), creatine (Cr), and glutamate + glutamine (Glu + Gln, Glx) concentrations were quantified by using LCModel software and then corrected for the partial volume effect of cerebrospinal fluid.

Results

The results demonstrated that metabolite concentrations were not equal between the left and the right DLPFC. Compared with HC, NAA of the left DLPFC and Cr of the right DLPFC were significantly lower in pre-treatment patients. Self-controlled study revealed that the patients’ NAA of the left DLPFC increased while their Cr of the right DLPFC decreased after treatment. Correlation analysis showed a negative correlation between the duration of medication and the pre- and post-treatment difference of Cr.

Conclusion

These findings may shed a light on the metabolic mechanism of GTCS and the neurobiochemical mechanisms of AEDs.

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