Dynamic stability during gait in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus and Parkinson's disease

Abstract

Objectives

To clarify a characteristic of dynamic stability during gait in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) and Parkinson’s disease (PD), and to explore the association between dynamic stability and disease severity in each disease.

Materials and Methods

The 5-m gait of 36 iNPH (precerebrospinal fluid drainage), 20 PD (medicated state), and 25 healthy controls (HC) were evaluated using three-dimensional motion analysis. Ambulatory dynamic stability was defined as the ability to maintain the extrapolated center of mass within the base of support at heel contact, with the distance between the two referred to as the margin of stability (MOS).

Results

Anteroposterior direction (AP) MOS was significantly larger in the iNPH and PD groups than in the HC group; no significant difference was found between the iNPH and PD groups. Mediolateral direction (ML) MOS was significantly larger in the iNPH and PD groups than in the HC group and significantly larger in the iNPH group than in the PD group. In the iNPH group, the disease severity was positively correlated with only ML MOS. In the PD group, the disease severity was positively correlated with the AP MOS and ML MOS.

Conclusions

Dynamic stability in iNPH increases in AP and ML, and it may be associated with not only iNPH-associated gait disturbance but also with a voluntarily cautious gait strategy. Dynamic stability in PD only increased in AP, and this may be associated with PD symptoms. These findings will help physicians understand the difference in pathological gait including dynamic stability between patients with iNPH and PD.

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