Third Ventricle Volume Predicts Functional Outcome in Chronic Subdural Hematoma



There is a lack of evidence demonstrating the utility of computed tomography (CT) to predict chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) clinical outcomes. We aim to analyze the role of tomographic volumetric analysis in patients with CSDH.


We performed a retrospective study of patients undergoing burr-hole craniostomy (BHC) for CSDH over five years at a tertiary care center. Degree of midline shift, radiographic density, subdural hematoma volume, acute blood volume, and third ventricle (3VV) and fourth ventricle (4VV) volume were estimated using semiautomatic segmentation of preoperative CT. Postoperative functional outcome was measured by two endpoints: National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at discharge and short-term modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 6-week follow-up. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using nonparametric tests. Discriminative capacity and optimal thresholds of independent variables were calculated by means of receiving-operative curves (ROC).


A total of 79 patients were included for analysis with a median age of 78.5 years. Greater preoperative 3VV independently correlated with poor discharge NIHSS (= .01) and short-term mRS (= .03). A cutoff value of 0.545 mL demonstrated the highest sensitivity (77.1%) and specificity (88.8%) with an odds ratio for an mRS functional dependence of 9.29 (= .001).


Greater preoperative tomographic 3VV independently prognosticates poor discharge NIHSS and 6-week mRS. A threshold 3VV of 0.545 mL can be used to identify patients at higher risk of being dependent at first protocolized follow-up.

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