Multiple sclerosis impairment scale and brain MRI in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis

Abstract

Objective

To examine the Multiple Sclerosis Impairment Scale (MSIS) in secondary progressive MS (SPMS) in relation to the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcomes, and mobility.

Methods

In this observational single-center study, 68 secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) patients were examined by MSIS, EDSS, functional mobility tests of upper/lower extremities, and multimodal MRI. Participants had EDSS ≥3.5, a decline in daily activities over the last year unrelated to relapses, and/or 6-month confirmed disability progression.

Results

Mean disease duration was 23.1 ± 8.3 years and mean age 54.4 ± 8.1 years. MSIS, EDSS, and their corresponding motor, cerebellar, and sensory subscores correlated (p < .0001). Motor subscores of MSIS correlated stronger with Timed-25-Foot-Walk (T25FW) than pyramidal functional system score (FSS) (p = .03), but EDSS had a stronger correlation to T25FW than the total MSIS score (p = .01). MSIS cerebellar subscore correlated stronger with 9-Hole Peg Test (9-HPT) than cerebellar FSS (p = .04). The sensory MSIS subscore also showed correlation with 9-HPT in contrast to sensory FSS (p = .006). MSIS subscores had stronger correlations with MRI volumetry measures than FSS scores (lesion volume and putamen, thalamus, corpus callosum volumetry, p = .0001–0.0017).

Conclusion

In patients with SPMS, MSIS correlated with functional motor tests. MSIS showed stronger correlations with atrophy of central nervous system areas, and may be more sensitive to scale cerebellar and sensory function than EDSS.

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