Novel TBK1 variant associated with Frontotemporal Dementia overlap syndrome

Abstract

Background

Recently, TANK binding kinase 1 (TBK1) mutation has been reported as a causative gene for overlap frontotemporal dementia (FTD)-amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) syndrome. However, there are no reports from families of South Asian ethnicity.

Objective

To report a case study of a family with the proband having overlap FTD-ALS syndrome caused by a novel TBK1 variant.

Materials and methods

Clinical, brain imaging, genetic analysis and laboratory data of the patient with FTD-ALS were performed. In addition, family-based segregation analysis of identified novel variants was also done.

Results

This study pertains to genetic analysis in 11 members in a family with only one member affected with overlap FTD-ALS syndrome. The whole-exome sequencing analysis in the symptomatic member showed a novel loss-of-function (LoF) variant c.1810G>T(p.E604X) in the TBK1 gene. Neuroimaging showed a pattern of asymmetric frontotemporal atrophy and hypometabolism. Segregation analysis of the variation demonstrated its presence in several family members, although none of the other members was symptomatic. Further, we observed another missense variation in the NEFH gene (p.Pro683Leu) which was seen in the symptomatic and two asymptomatic family members, the pathogenicity of which is unclear.

Conclusion

This is the first study of a rare novel TBK1 variant associated with FTD-ALS from India. Asymptomatic family members with the variant have important clinical implications and necessitate the genetic evaluation and long-term follow-up of family members of patients detected with TBK1 mutations. Therefore, although infrequent, genetic screening for the TBK1 gene should be considered when encountering overlap FTD syndromes.

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