Homozygous SOD1 Variation L144S Produces a Severe Form of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in an Iranian Family

Objectives

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder characterized by degeneration of motor neurons determining progressive muscular atrophy, weakness, and death from respiratory failure.

Methods

Here, we report clinical and molecular findings of a novel Iranian family affected with a severe form of early-onset familial ALS.

Results

Three siblings born to consanguineous parents developed a form of ALS characterized by early-onset lower limb involvement and a fast progression, proving fatal at age 16 years for 1 of them. Molecular analysis of the SOD1 gene revealed the homozygous substitution c.434T>C in exon 5 resulting in the amino acid change p.Leu144Ser (L144S), previously reported as a dominant variant. Both parents were heterozygous carriers. The probands’ mother recently developed a late-onset ALS with predominant upper motor neuron involvement.

Discussion

This report adds p.L144S to the short list of homozygous SOD1 variants and suggests that the development of an earlier-onset and/or faster disease progression can occur when 2 mutated alleles are present.

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