Blood biomarkers for HIV infection with focus on neurologic complications—A review

Although clinical examinations, neuroimaging, and cerebrospinal fluid analyses are the most important ways to evaluate the impact of HIV infection on the brain and in diagnosis of opportunistic infections, several blood biomarkers including HIV RNA concentrations, CD4 +T-cell count, and neurofilament light chain protein (NfL) concentration, along with tests for opportunistic infections can provide important information for clinical decisions.

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