Impact of focal cortical dysplasia Type IIIa on seizure outcome following anterior mesial temporal lobe resection for the treatment of epilepsy


Journal of Neurosurgery, Ahead of Print. OBJECTIVETemporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common type of pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy, for which anterior mesial temporal lobe resection (AMTLR) is a treatment option. Focal cortical dysplasia Type IIIa (FCD IIIa), a developmental lesion resulting from defects in neuronal formation and migration into the temporal pole (FCD I) combined with hippocampal sclerosis (HS), can be a neuropathological finding. In this study, the authors investigate the impact of FCD IIIa on seizure outcome in patients with TLE who underwent AMTLR.METHODSThe authors performed a retrospective analysis of all patients with TLE who underwent AMTLR at their institution between June 2011 and April 2014. Histopathological analysis was used to determine whether patients had HS together with FCD I (FCD IIIa) or HS alone. The groups were compared with regard to age, sex, years of epilepsy, and seizure outcome using the Engel classification.RESULTSA total of 51 patients with TLE underwent AMTLR at the authors’ institution. FCD IIIa was diagnosed in 13 cases. The patients experienced seizures for a mean duration of 31.1 years. The mean length of follow-up after the procedure was 18 months. All patients with FCD IIIa had a favorable seizure outcome (Engel Class I or II) compared with 71% of the patients with no pathological findings in the temporal pole (p < 0.01).CONCLUSIONSPatients with histopathologically proven FCD IIIa had a significantly better seizure outcome after AMTLR than patients with HS alone. Further effort should be made during presurgical evaluation to detect FCD IIIa so

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