Transvenous Coil Embolization for the Treatment of Carotid Cavernous Fistula after Pipeline Placement: A Case Report


The Pipeline embolization device (PED), a type of flow diverter, has become an appealing alternative treatment option for large or giant and wide-necked intracranial aneurysms. Carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) resulting from delayed aneurysmal rupture is a rare complication of PED placement with unknown pathophysiology. Here, we describe a case of CCF resulting from aneurysmal rupture following PED placement, and present the details of treatment by transvenous coil embolization. An 81-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for treatment of an 18.0 × 10.3 mm intracranial aneurysm located in the cavernous segment of the left internal carotid artery, noted during an examination of her diplopia.


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