PMP22-related disease: a Novel Splice Site Acceptor Variant and Intrafamilial Phenotype Variability


PMP22 is the most frequent mutated gene in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) type 1A. Another phenotype, hereditary neuropathy with pressure palsies (HNPP), could be caused by PMP22 mutations. PMP22 encodes a peripheral myelin protein with molecular weight 22-kDa. Various pathomechanisms have been postulated in PMP22-related disease, including dysfunction due to missense mutations, and alteration of a gene dose due to duplication/deletion mutations. We identified a novel PMP22 splice site acceptor variant, c.179-1G>A, in a patient with adult-onset chronic generalized polyneuropathy and two asymptomatic family members.


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