Comparison of Fractional Anisotropy from Tract-Based Spatial Statistics with and without Lesion Masking in Patients with Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Technical Note

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Background: Diffusion-tensor fractional anisotropy (FA) is an index of neural-fiber damage in patients following stroke. To better characterize FA, tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) is frequently used, which involves spatial transformation into the standard brain space. Despite its utility, this technique is susceptible to space-occupying hematoma in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. To correct this, “lesion making” has been proposed. Here, FA values from TBSS without lesion masking and TBSS with lesion masking were compared, and the clinical utility was evaluated.

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