Home monitoring of maintenance intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in patients with chronic inflammatory neuropathy

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Abstract

Backgrounds and Aims

To evaluate the utility of different outcome measures to monitor dose adjustment of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy in patients with chronic inflammatory neuropathy (CIN).

Methods

We assessed the adjustment of IVIg maintenance therapy in 20 patients (10 CIDP and 10 MMN) by regularly monitoring grip strength (GS) using a Martin Vigorimeter, RODS, and quality of life using the SF‐36 questionnaire. These measures were regularly performed by the patient at home. We also assessed the extended MRC sumscore (eMRC sumscore) at each outpatient visit for IVIg infusion. We also enrolled 30 healthy controls to measure any possible training effect of GS with time and to analyze random fluctuation of GS.

Results

Clinically relevant change was detected by eMRC sumscore in 14 (93%) patients, by RODS in 11 (73%) patients, and by GS in 8 (53%) patients. Early sensitivity was greatest for RODS (73%), followed by GS (53%), and eMRC sumscore (27%). This differed from CIDP, with an early change in RODS in 100% of patients, and MMN with an early change in GS in 75%. None of the outcome measures alone was sufficient to detect clinically significant changes in all patients.

Interpretation

Home monitoring of outcome measures objectively assisted clinical decision during individualization of IVIg treatment. We recommend a multimodal approach using different outcome measures to monitor the individual patient with CIN.

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