New-Onset Epilepsy in Women with First Time Seizures during Pregnancy

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The prevalence of epilepsy is between 4 and 10 per 1000 in the developed world, similar between men and women [1]; therefore, epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurologic conditions affecting women of child-bearing age. While many women with epilepsy experience no change in seizure frequency during pregnancy, up to one-third of women have an increase in seizure frequency [2]. These increases are likely mediated by multiple factors including changes in ASD (anti-seizure drug) metabolism, changes in hormone levels, medication compliance, and sleep deprivation.

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