History of violence/maltreatment and psychogenic non-epileptic seizures


Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are paroxysmal alterations of behavior that resemble epileptic seizures but lack a neurobiological origin and are not associated with electrophysiological ictal abnormalities [1]. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th revision (DSM-5) [2], PNES are spread in the realm of conversion disorders, referring to patients who experience neurological symptoms in the absence of neurological disease, and in the category of dissociative identity disorders.


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