Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysms With a Low-Profile Visualized Intraluminal Support Device

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Objective: Stenting in ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms was reported with a high perioperative complication rate. However, the treatment devices and physician’s experience have continued to evolve. We performed this retrospective study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of LVIS stent-assisted coiling for ruptured MCA aneurysms.

Methods: Patients with acutely ruptured MCA aneurysms treated between November 2014 and October 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical and angiographic data of those treated with LVIS stents were collected from a prospectively maintained database.

Results: A total of 40 patients with 40 ruptured MCA aneurysms were enrolled, which comprised 26.3% (40/152) of all the ruptured MCA aneurysms at the same time. All stents were successfully deployed except for one (2.5%), which had a poor stent opening. Ischemic procedure-related complications were encountered in three patients (7.5%). One patient died of complications related to high-grade SAH on admission. Follow-up (mean 15.9 months) angiography was performed for 36 patients, which showed 33 (91.7%) aneurysms were completely occluded, 1 (2.8%) was improved, 1 (2.8%) was stable, and 1 (2.8%) was recanalized. Clinical follow-up (mean 29.6 months) was available for all survived patients, which showed 38 (95.0%) patients had favorable neurologic outcomes (mRS score 0–2), and 2 (5.0%) patients had poor neurologic outcomes.

Conclusion: The use of LVIS stents is feasible, safe, and effective with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor for the treatment of ruptured MCA aneurysms in the acute setting. Prospective, multicenter studies with larger sample sizes are still required to further evaluate the safety and long-term efficacy.

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