admin September 4, 2017
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MicroRNA‑518b functions as a tumor suppressor in glioblastoma by targeting PDGFRB.

Mol Med Rep. 2017 Aug 21;:

Authors: Xu X, Zhang F, Chen X, Ying Q

Abstract
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive type of primary human brain tumor in China. Dysregulated microRNA (miRNA/miR) expression has been hypothesized to serve a role in the tumorigenesis and progression of human GBM. To explore the potential mechanisms affecting GBM tumorigenesis, the function of miR‑518b in regulating GBM cell proliferation and angiogenesis was examined in vitro by CCK‑8 and tube formation assay and in vivo by xenograft assay. The present study demonstrated that the expression of miR‑518b was downregulated in GBM tissues and in GBM cell lines (U87 and U251). In addition, the expression levels of miR‑518b were highly associated with tumor size, World Health Organization grade and prognosis. Furthermore, overexpression of miR‑518b suppressed GBM cell proliferation and angiogenesis, and induced GBM cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Overexpression of miR‑518b also inhibited the expression of platelet‑derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFRB), and the present study confirmed that the 3′ untranslated region (3’UTR) of PDGFRB was a direct target of miR‑518b. In conclusion, to the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to present evidence suggesting that miR‑518b may serve as a potential marker and target in GBM treatment.

PMID: 28849154 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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