Epilepsy

Nina Dupuis, Julie Enderlin, Jeremy Thomas, Béatrice Desnous, Pascal Dournaud, Delphine Allorge, Stéphane Auvin September 3, 2017

Summary

Objective

Perampanel (PER) is a selective noncompetitive antagonist at α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors, the first of its class approved for the adjunctive treatment of partial onset seizures and generalized seizures. This study explored anti-ictogenic and antiepileptogenic effects of PER in rats at different stages of development.

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Oscar H. Del Brutto, Gianfranco Arroyo, Victor J. Del Brutto, Mauricio Zambrano, Héctor H. García September 3, 2017

Summary

Objective

Using a large-scale population-based study, we aimed to assess prevalence and patterns of presentation of neurocysticercosis (NCC) and its relationship with epilepsy in community-dwellers aged ≥20 years living in Atahualpa (rural Ecuador).

Methods

In a three-phase epidemiological study, individuals with suspected seizures were identified during a door-to-door survey and an interview (phase I).

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Isabelle Niespodziany, Jean-Michel Rigo, Gustave Moonen, Alain Matagne, Henrik Klitgaard, Christian Wolff September 3, 2017

Summary

Brivaracetam (BRV) is a selective, high-affinity ligand for synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A), recently approved as adjunctive treatment for drug-refractory partial-onset seizures in adults. BRV binds SV2A with higher affinity than levetiracetam (LEV), and was shown to have a differential interaction with SV2A.

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Anna Edelvik, Charles Taft, Gerd Ekstedt, Kristina Malmgren September 3, 2017

Summary

Objective

To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and emotional well-being in resective epilepsy surgery and nonoperated patients at long-term follow-up.

Methods

This is a prospective cohort study where patients undergoing presurgical work-up during 1995–1998 completed the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD) at baseline, and 2 and 14 years after resective surgery or presurgical evaluation (nonoperated patients).

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Dan-Dan Wang, Yue-Shan Piao, Ingmar Blumcke, Roland Coras, Wen-Jing Zhou, Qiu-Ping Gui, Cui-Cui Liu, Jing-Xia Hu, Li-Zhen Cao, Guo-Jun Zhang, De-Hong Lu September 3, 2017

Summary

Objective

In 2011, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) proposed a consensus classification system of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) to distinguish clinicopathological subtypes, for example, “isolated” FCD type Ia–c and IIa–b, versus “associated” FCD type IIIa–d. The histopathological differentiation of FCD type I and III variants remains, however, a challenging issue in everyday practice.

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Cecilie Johannessen Landmark, Margrete Larsen Burns, Arton Baftiu, Anette Huuse Farmen, Morten I. Lossius, Svein I. Johannessen, Torbjörn Tomson September 3, 2017

Summary

The purpose was to investigate pharmacokinetic variability of valproic acid (VPA) in women of childbearing age by therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) data to elucidate the variable relationship between dose and serum concentrations with the ultimate aim of facilitating safer use of VPA.

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Ashley D. Nemes, Rebecca O'Dwyer, Imad M. Najm, Zhong Ying, Jorge Gonzalez-Martinez, Andreas V. Alexopoulos September 3, 2017

Summary

Objective

Epilepsy is a common neurologic disorder resulting in spontaneous, recurrent seizures. About 30–40% of patients are not responsive to pharmacologic therapies. This may be due to the differences between individual patients such as etiology, underlying pathophysiology, and seizure focus, and it highlights the importance of new drug discovery and testing in this field.

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Petra Bencurova, Jiri Baloun, Katerina Musilova, Lenka Radova, Boris Tichy, Martin Pail, Martin Zeman, Eva Brichtova, Marketa Hermanova, Sarka Pospisilova, Marek Mraz, Milan Brazdil September 3, 2017

Summary

Objective

Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) is a severe neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. mTLE is frequently accompanied by neurodegeneration in the hippocampus resulting in hippocampal sclerosis (HS), the most common morphological correlate of drug resistance in mTLE patients.

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