The histopathology, “white matter spongiosis,” defined by electron microscopy (EM) as “intramyelinic edema,” has been associated with vigabatrin therapy in various animal models, but its role or significance in clinical studies is unknown. We conducted a neuropathological examination on a 27-month-old boy with bilateral polymicrogyria and epilepsy after sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP).
Genetic alterations have been identified in the CACNA1H gene, encoding the CaV3.2 T-type calcium channel in patients with absence epilepsy, yet the precise mechanisms relating to seizure propagation and spike-wave-discharge (SWD) pacemaking remain unknown. Neurons of the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) express high levels of CaV3.2 calcium channels, and we investigated whether a gain-of-function mutation in the Cacna1h gene in Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rats from Strasbourg (GAERS) contributes to seizure propagation and pacemaking in the TRN.
Long-term observational studies [1–3] illuminated outcomes of antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy in epilepsy. Prolonged seizure control is achieved in 47% of patients by the first drug and in another 13% by the second drug trial . Those patients who failed to adequate trials of first two drug regimens respond poorly to further drug trials to fulfill the criteria of drug resistant epilepsies (DRE) .… Read More...
Phenotypes caused by de novo SCN1A pathogenic variants are very variable, ranging from severely affected patients with Dravet syndrome to much milder genetic epilepsy febrile seizures plus cases. The most important determinant of disease severity is the type of variant, with variants that cause a complete loss of function of the SCN1A protein (α-subunit of the neuronal sodium channel Nav1.1) being detected almost exclusively in Dravet syndrome patients.
This prospective study compared the topography of high-gamma modulation (HGM) during a story-listening task requiring negligible patient cooperation, with the conventional electrical stimulation mapping (ESM) using a picture-naming task, for presurgical language localization in pediatric drug-resistant epilepsy.
Patients undergoing extraoperative monitoring with subdural electrodes were included.