Neuropathology

Maria L. Elkjaer, Tobias Frisch, Richard Reynolds, Tim Kacprowski, Mark Burton, Torben A. Kruse, Mads Thomassen, Jan Baumbach and Zsolt Illes April 26, 2019

The heterogeneity of multiple sclerosis is reflected by dynamic changes of different lesion types in the brain white matter (WM). To identify potential drivers of this process, we RNA-sequenced 73 WM areas fro…

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Jeroen Melief, Marie Orre, Koen Bossers, Corbert G. van Eden, Karianne G. Schuurman, Matthew R. J. Mason, Joost Verhaagen, Jörg Hamann and Inge Huitinga April 26, 2019

Inter-individual differences in cortisol production by the hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis are thought to contribute to clinical and pathological heterogeneity of multiple sclerosis (MS). At the same…

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Lindsey D. Goodman, Mercedes Prudencio, Ananth R. Srinivasan, Olivia M. Rifai, Virginia M.-Y. Lee, Leonard Petrucelli and Nancy M. Bonini April 26, 2019

The discovery of an expanded (GGGGCC)n repeat (termed G4C2) within the first intron of C9orf72 in familial ALS/FTD has led to a number of studies showing that the aberrant expression of G4C2 RNA can produce toxic…

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Alan King Lun Liu, Tsz Wing Chau, Ernest Junwei Lim, Idil Ahmed, Raymond Chuen-Chung Chang, Michail E. Kalaitzakis, Manuel B. Graeber, Steve M. Gentleman and Ronald K. B. Pearce April 26, 2019

Although the precise neuropathological substrates of cognitive decline in Parkinson’s disease (PD) remain elusive, it has long been regarded that pathology in the CA2 hippocampal subfield is characteristic of …

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admin April 22, 2019

Abstract

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is characterized by the presence of distinctive glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCIs) within oligodendrocytes that contain the neuronal protein alpha-synuclein (aSyn) and the oligodendroglia-specific phosphoprotein TPPP/p25α. However, the role of oligodendroglial aSyn and p25α in the formation of aSyn-rich GCIs remains unclear.… Read More...

admin April 22, 2019

The original version of the article contains a labeling error in Fig. 2. The boxed molecular description of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory macrophages were switched. Ly6CHi, Cx3Cr1Lo, Ccr2Hi should have been associated with pro-inflammatory macrophages on the left, and Ly6CLo, Cx3Cr1Hi, Ccr2Lo should have been associated with anti-inflammatory macrophages on the right.… Read More...

admin April 20, 2019

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease in which the formation of extracellular aggregates of amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide, fibrillary tangles of intraneuronal tau and microglial activation are major pathological hallmarks. One of the key molecules involved in microglial activation is galectin-3 (gal3), and we demonstrate here for the first time a key role of gal3 in AD pathology.… Read More...

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