Neurosurgery

Kerry A. Vaughan September 15, 2018

Journal of Neurosurgery, Ahead of Print.
OBJECTIVEEpilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders, yet its global surgical burden has yet to be characterized. The authors sought to compile the most current epidemiological data to quantify global prevalence and incidence, and estimate global surgically treatable epilepsy.… Read More...

Nikita G. Alexiades September 15, 2018

Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, Ahead of Print.
OBJECTIVEComplications after complex tethered spinal cord (cTSC) surgery include infections and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. With little empirical evidence to guide management, there is variability in the interventions undertaken to limit complications. Expert-based best practices may improve the care of patients undergoing cTSC surgery.… Read More...

John R. W. Kestle September 15, 2018

Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, Ahead of Print.
OBJECTIVEThe authors created a collaborative network, the Synostosis Research Group (SynRG), to facilitate multicenter clinical research on craniosynostosis. To identify common and differing practice patterns within the network, they assessed the SynRG surgeons’ management preferences for sagittal synostosis.… Read More...

Benjamin F. Mundell September 15, 2018

Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, Ahead of Print.
OBJECTIVEFrom 1994 to 2006 outpatient spinal surgery increased 5-fold. The perceived cost savings with outcomes comparable to or better than those achieved with inpatient admission for the same procedures are desirable in an era where health expenditures are scrutinized.… Read More...

Sameer Kitab September 15, 2018

Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, Ahead of Print.
OBJECTIVEUsing an imaging-based prospective comparative study of 709 eligible patients that was designed to assess lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) in the ages between 16 and 82 years, the authors aimed to determine whether they could formulate radiological structural differences between the developmental and degenerative types of LSS.METHODSMRI structural changes were prospectively reviewed from 2 age cohorts of patients: those who presented clinically before the age of 60 years and those who presented at 60 years or older.… Read More...

Morenikeji Buraimoh September 15, 2018

Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, Ahead of Print.
Every day, spine surgeons call for instruments named after surgical pioneers. Few know the designers or the histories behind their instruments. In this paper the authors provide a historical perspective on the Penfield dissector, Leksell rongeur, Hibbs retractor, Woodson elevator, Kerrison rongeur, McCulloch retractor, Caspar pin retractor system, and Cloward handheld retractor, and a biographical review of their inventors.… Read More...

Linda S. Aglio September 15, 2018

Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, Ahead of Print.
OBJECTIVEPreemptive administration of analgesic medication is more effective than medication given after the onset of the painful stimulus. The efficacy of preoperative or preemptive pain relief after thoracolumbosacral spine surgery has not been well studied.… Read More...

Daniel B. Herrick September 15, 2018

Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, Ahead of Print.
OBJECTIVEUse of surgical site drains following posterior cervical spine surgery is variable, and its impact on outcomes remains controversial. Studies of drain use in the lumbar spine have suggested that drains are not associated with reduction of reoperations for wound infection or hematoma.… Read More...

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