Stroke

Daisuke Shimbo, Takeo Abumiya, Kota Kurisu, Toshiya Osanai, Hideo Shichinohe, Naoki Nakayama, Ken Kazumata, Hideki Nakamura, Hiroshi Shimuzu, Kiyohiro Houkin September 4, 2017

The development of cerebral infarction after transient ischemia is attributed to postischemic delayed hypoperfusion in the microvascular region. In the present study, we assessed the microvascular perfusion capacity of infused liposome-encapsulated hemoglobin (LEH) in a therapeutic approach for transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO).… Read More...

Ki-Woong Nam, Chi Kyung Kim, Tae Jung Kim, Sang Joon An, Kyungmi Oh, Sang-Bae Ko, Byung-Woo Yoon September 4, 2017

Low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) was shown to be effective and safe in treating venous thromboembolism, and generally used for stroke in cancer patients, but its effects on stroke are unclear. We compared clinical outcomes between LMWH and new oral anticoagulant (NOAC) in patients with cancer-related stroke.… Read More...

Hao Ren, Xiao Liu, Lin Wang, Yanjun Gao September 4, 2017

Lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) is associated with diverse malignancies and cardiovascular diseases. However, it has not yet been identified whether LMR is correlated with stroke severity and prognosis. We aimed to explore the relationship between LMR and stroke severity, prognosis, and the predictive value of LMR on a 3-month functional outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).… Read More...

Oscar H. Del Brutto, Robertino M. Mera, Victor J. Del Brutto, Aldo F. Costa, Mauricio Zambrano, James Brorson September 4, 2017

Basilar artery (BA) dolichoectasia has been associated with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). However, studies have focused on stroke patients, and results cannot be extrapolated to the population at large. In this study, we aimed to assess prevalence of BA dolichoectasia and its association with SVD in community-dwelling older adults living in rural Ecuador.… Read More...

Yuta Madokoro, Keita Sakurai, Daisuke Kato, Yuko Kondo, Masahiro Oomura, Noriyuki Matsukawa September 4, 2017

An accurate diagnosis of isolated posterior inferior cerebellar artery dissection (iPICA-D) is difficult due to the limitation of spatial resolution on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques to detect subtle vessel wall abnormalities. The recent development of MRI techniques, including high-resolution vessel wall imaging (HRVWI), has resulted in the improved diagnostic accuracy and efficiency of iPICA-D.… Read More...

Dimitri Renard, Anne Wacongne, Eric Thouvenot September 4, 2017

In amyloid β-related angiitis of the central nervous system (also called cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation), cerebral amyloid angiopathy occurs in association with primary vasculitis of small- and medium-sized leptomeningeal and cortical arteries. To avoid brain biopsy, clinicoradiological criteria (including clinical features due to inflammation-related uni/multifocal white matter hyperintensities) for the diagnosis of cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation have been validated recently.… Read More...

Hui Fang, Lu Zhao, Lulu Pei, Bo Song, Yuan Gao, Kai Liu, Yafang Xu, Yusheng Li, Jun Wu, Yuming Xu September 4, 2017

The severity of white matter lesions (WMLs) has been strongly linked to small-vessel diseases or lacunar infarction. The present study aimed to investigate the correlation between severity of WMLs and distribution of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) hyperintensities, and to explore whether the severity of WMLs is an independent neuroimaging predictor of stroke risk after transient symptoms with infarction (TSI).… Read More...

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