Stroke

José Luis Ruiz-Sandoval, María Eugenia Briseño-Godínez, Erwin Chiquete-Anaya, Antonio Arauz-Góngora, Rogelio Troyo-Sanromán, Juan Didier Parada-Garza, Alma Ramos-Moreno, Fernando Barinagarrementería, Luis Manuel Murillo-Bonilla, Carlos Cantú-Brito, PREMIER Investigators November 3, 2017

Mortality and bad outcome by stroke are higher in developing countries than in industrialized countries. Health-care system efficiency could explain these disparities. Our objective was to identify the impact on short- and middle-term outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) among public and private Mexican medical care.… Read More...

Wojciech Ambrosius, Slawomir Michalak, Radoslaw Kazmierski, Maria Lukasik, Natalia Andrzejewska, Wojciech Kozubski November 2, 2017

The role of matricellular proteins like secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine-like 1 (SC1) has been shown in important functions in the central nervous system, including the regulation of synaptic stability with upregulation throughout axonal regeneration.The aim of this study was to determine whether SC1 is related to ischemic stroke severity.… Read More...

Kenji Uchino, Takahiro Shimizu, Heisuke Mizukami, Kenji Isahaya, Hana Ogura, Kensuke Shinohara, Yasuhiro Hasegawa November 2, 2017

We report a case of a 48-year-old woman with multiple cerebral infarctions caused by nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) because of adenomyosis with high serum carbohydrate antigen (CA)125 level. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) showed a vegetation, 4 mm in diameter, adjacent to the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve on day 2.… Read More...

Tzu-Pu Chang, Zheyu Wang, Ariel A. Winnick, Hsun-Yang Chuang, Victor C. Urrutia, John P. Carey, David E. Newman-Toker November 2, 2017

Because it is unknown whether sudden hearing loss (SHL) in acute vertigo is a “benign” sign (reflecting ear disease) or a “dangerous” sign (reflecting stroke), we sought to compare long-term stroke risk among patients with (1) “SHL with vertigo,” (2) “SHL alone,” and (3) “vertigo alone” using a large national health-care database.… Read More...

Preethi Ramchand, Michael T. Mullen, Aaron Bress, Robert Hurst, Scott E. Kasner, Brett L. Cucchiara, Steven R. Messé November 1, 2017

Cervical arterial dissection is a leading cause of stroke in young patients, yet optimal management remains controversial. Existing studies focusing on recurrent stroke were underpowered to demonstrate differences between antithrombotic strategies. Vessel recanalization is a more prevalent outcome and is potentially clinically important.… Read More...

Amin Amiri, Moira K. Kapral, Amanda G. Thrift, Luciano A. Sposato, Hamidreza Saber, Reza Behrouz, Mahdiyeh Erfanian, Mohammad Taghi Farzadfard, Naghmeh Mokhber, Mahmoud Reza Azarpazhooh November 1, 2017

Population-based data regarding stroke among women are scarce in developing countries. This study was designed to determine whether sex differences exist in stroke incidence, mortality, and recurrence.

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Ramin Zand, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Alireza Sadighi, Mantinderpreet Singh, Michael McCormack, Shima Shahjouei, Nitin Goyal, Nariman Noorbakhsh-Sabet, Anne W. Alexandrov, Andrei V. Alexandrov November 1, 2017

Although the recently updated U.S. alteplase label removed “history of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH)” as a contraindication, there are very limited data on the safety of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with chronic ICH. We sought to evaluate IVT safety in AIS patients with a history of ICH.… Read More...

Adriani A. Carregosa, Luan Rafael Aguiar dos Santos, Marcelo R. Masruha, Marília Lira da S. Coêlho, Tácia C. Machado, Daniele Costa B. Souza, Gustavo Luan L. Passos, Erika P. Fonseca, Nildo Manoel da S. Ribeiro, Ailton de Souza Melo November 1, 2017

To evaluate in the follow-up the sensory-motor recovery and quality of life patients 2 months after completion of the Nintendo Wii console intervention and determine whether learning retention was obtained through the technique.

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