To characterize the evolution of behavioral and electrographic seizures in an experimental electrical stimulation-based model of status epilepticus (SE) in C57Bl/6 mice, and to relate SE to various outcomes, including death and epileptogenesis.
SE was induced by continuous hippocampal stimulation and was evaluated by review of electroencephalographic recordings, spectral display, and behavior.
Seizures were initially locked to the electrical trains but later became independent of them. Following the end of stimulation, autonomous seizures continued for >5 minutes in 85% of the animals. There was ongoing 2-3-Hz rhythmic, high-amplitude, slow spike-wave discharges (HASDs) associated with purposeless, repetitive, continuously circling and exploratory behavior. There were high-amplitude fast discharges (HAFDs) associated with worsening of behavioral seizures that were interspersed with the ongoing HASDs. Death during SE occurred in 23% of the animals, and it was preceded by a stage 5 behavioral seizure. In the waning stage of SE, severe seizures and HAFDs dissipated, HASDs slowed down, and normal behavior was restored in most animals. Epilepsy developed in 33% of the animals monitored after SE.
The electrical stimulation model of SE can be used to study mechanisms of SE and its adverse consequences, including death and epileptogenesis.