Encephalitis is swelling and inflammation of the brain, which can be caused by infectious or autoimmune aetiologies. Up to 18.5% to 40.4% of patients were reported to develop status epilepticus (SE) during the acute stage of encephalitis and received anti-epileptic treatments. [1–3] To prevent recurrent seizures, anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) are usually continued for a long time after the remission of acute SE. However, some patients will never have unprovoked seizures after the acute phase of encephalitis, [3–5] and long-term anti-epileptic treatment may not be necessary for them.

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