Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are defined as paroxysmal changes in behaviour, sensory or cognitive activity, limited in time, that simulate epileptic seizures, but not as a result of abnormal brain electrical discharges [1–3]. In psychiatric diagnostic systems, PNES are categorized as conversion [4] and dissociative disorders [5]. Patients with PNES present a high rate of comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders [6–10]. In addition, many patients with PNES were previously misdiagnosed with epilepsy [11–13], leading to delays in receiving appropriate treatment [14–17].

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