Cephalalgia, Ahead of Print.
IntroductionRodent disease models can play an indispensable role in drug development. Confirming that translationally-relevant disease mechanisms are engaged in such models is a crucial facet of this process. Accordingly, we have validated the role of calcitonin gene-related peptide signaling in a mouse model of glyceryl trinitrate-provoked migraine-like pain and a spontaneous rat model of migraine-like pain by assessing their pharmacological responsiveness to the small molecule calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonist olcegepant, and the humanised monoclonal calcitonin gene-related peptide antibody ALD405.MethodsCutaneous sensitivity to hind paw, and periorbital mechanical stimulation were used as surrogate markers of activation of relevant pain pathways in each respective model. Separate experiments were performed to identify the time-course of treatment response to olcegepant (1 mg/kg i.p.) and ALD405 (10 mg/kg i.p.).ResultsOlcegepant and ALD405 significantly alleviated cutaneous mechanical hypersensitivity in both models compared with corresponding control treatments (saline and IgG control antibody respectively). As expected, the duration of anti-nociceptive action obtained with ALD405 was considerably longer than that associated with olcegepant. Surprisingly, in the spontaneous rat model the onset of action of ALD405 occurred within just 4 hours after administration.DiscussionThe current data clearly show that calcitonin gene-related peptide-mediated signaling is critically involved in the manifestation of cutaneous hypersensitivity in distinct rodent models of migraine-like pain and emphasise their translational relevance. Moreover, the unexpected rapidity of onset observed for ALD405 supports i) a probable site of action outside the blood-brain barrier, and ii) a potential clinical utility of specific monoclonal calcitonin gene-related peptide antibodies in the abortive treatment of migraine.