Lower vitamin D levels have been associated with manifest Parkinson’s disease, prompting the hypothesis that vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency may increase risk for PD.
To evaluate vitamin D levels in a population at risk for developing PD.
Plasma vitamin D levels were measured in the Parkinson Associated Risk Syndrome Study, a cohort of asymptomatic individuals, some of whom are at high risk for PD. Vitamin D levels were compared between subjects at high risk for PD (hyposmia and dopamine transporter scan deficit) versus all others and examined for correlations with dopaminergic system integrity.
Mean vitamin D levels did not differ between groups, with a level of 27.8 ng/mL (standard deviation = 12.0) in the high-risk group versus 24.7 ng/mL (standard deviation = 9.0) in all others (P = 0.09). Vitamin D levels did not associate with putaminal dopamine transporter uptake.
Our data from the asymptomatic Parkinson Associated Risk Syndrome cohort do not support the hypothesis that chronic vitamin D insufficiency threatens dopaminergic system integrity, contributing to PD pathogenesis. © 2017 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society