Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) belongs to the group of nucleotide repeat disorders. More specifically this autosomal form of muscular dystrophy is caused by the expansion of the CTG trinucleotide repeat located at the 3′ untranslated region (3′-UTR) of the DMPK gene. Elongated CUG repeats of the mutated DMPK mRNAs become sequestration sites for splicing factors, and induce the formation of stable ribonucleoprotein complexes visualized as foci. As a consequence, the alternative splicing of numerous transcripts is dysregulated, which leads to the DM1 pathological alterations affecting various tissues.

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