admin February 10, 2018


Gliomas demonstrate epigenetic dysregulation exemplified by the Glioma CpG Island Methylator Phenotype (G-CIMP) seen in IDH1 mutant tumors. 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) is implicated in glioma pathogenesis; however, its role in IDH1 mutant gliomas is incompletely understood. To characterize 5hmC in IDH1 mutant gliomas further, we examine 5hmC in a cohort of IDH1 mutant and wild-type high-grade gliomas (HGG) using a quantitative locus-specific approach. Regions demonstrating high 5hmC abundance and differentially hydroxymethylated regions (DHMR) enrich for enhancers implicated in glioma pathogenesis. Among these regions, IDH1 mutant tumors possess greater 5hmC compared to wild type. 5hmC contributes to overall methylation status of G-CIMP genes. 5hmC targeting gene body regions correlates significantly with increased gene expression. In particular, a strong correlation between increased 5hmC and increased gene expression is identified for genes highly expressed in the IDH1 mutant cohort. Overall, locus-specific gain of 5hmC targeting regulatory regions and associated with overexpressed genes suggests a significant role for 5hmC in IDH1 mutant HGG.


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