Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, Ahead of Print.
The authors present a case of Chiari type 1.5 malformation with the uncommon presenting symptoms of esotropia and diplopia due to divergence insufficiency in a 12-year-old girl. Imaging at initial diagnosis revealed cerebellar herniation with extension of the tonsils to the C2 vertebral body, a retroflexed odontoid, and a small cervical syrinx. The patient was initially treated with an uncomplicated Chiari malformation decompression without dural opening. Repeat imaging revealed an adequate decompression. Three months postoperatively the patient’s diplopia recurred and she underwent repeat posterior fossa decompression with dural opening and duraplasty. Following repeat decompression with dural opening and duraplasty, the patient’s diplopia had not recurred by the 2-year follow-up.https://thejns.org/doi/abs/10.3171/2018.5.PEDS1886