Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, Ahead of Print.
Resection of the hippocampus ipsilateral to the verbal memory–dominant hemisphere frequently results in severe memory deficits. In adults with epilepsy, multiple hippocampal transections (MHTs) have resulted in excellent seizure outcome with preservation of verbal memory. The authors report the first detailed case of a child undergoing MHTs for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. A 13-year-old right-handed boy had intractable seizures characterized by epigastric discomfort evolving to unresponsiveness and chewing automatisms, lasting 1 minute and occurring 2–3 times weekly, sometimes ending in a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. He had no seizure risk factors and nonfocal examination results. Interictal electroencephalography (EEG) showed frequent left temporal epileptiform discharges (maximum FT9) and intermittent slowing. Video EEG, FDG-PET, and 1.5-T MRI were nonlocalizing. Neuropsychological evaluation suggested left temporal lobe dysfunction. A stereo-EEG investigation using 8 electrodes localized the seizure onset zone to the anterior mesial temporal region, immediately involving the hippocampus. The temporal pole and amygdala were resected en bloc with 3 MHTs. Comparison of neuropsychological tests 4 months before and 6 months after the surgery showed a significant decline only in confrontational naming and no significant change in verbal memory. Six and a half years later, the patient remains seizure free with no antiepileptic drugs. In children with established hemispheric dominance suffering from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, MHTs may be an option.