Yuanxiang Lin September 5, 2017

Journal of Neurosurgery, Ahead of Print. OBJECTIVE Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) findings may facilitate clinical decision making in patients with supratentorial cavernous malformations adjacent to the corticospinal tract (CST-CMs). The objective of this study was to determine the predictive value of preoperative DTI findings for surgical outcomes in patients with CST-CMs. METHODS A prospectively maintained database of patients with CM referred to the authors’ hospital between September 2012 and October 2015 was reviewed to identify all consecutive surgically treated patients with CST-CM. All patients had undergone sagittal T1-weighted anatomical imaging and DTI before surgery. Both DTI findings and clinical characteristics of the patients and lesions were analyzed with respect to surgery-related motor deficits. DTI findings included lesion-to-CST distance (LCD) and the alteration (i.e., deviation, interruption, or degeneration due to the CM) of CST on preoperative DTI images. Surgery-related motor deficits at 1 week and the last clinic visit (≥ 3 months) after surgery were defined as short-term and long-term deficits, respectively. Preoperative and final modified Rankin Scale scores were also analyzed to identify the surgical outcomes in these patients. RESULTS A total of 56 patients with 56 CST-CMs were included in this study. The mean LCD was 3.9 ± 3.2 mm, and alterations of the CST were detected in 20 (36.7%) patients. One week after surgery, 21 (37.5%) patients had short-term surgery-related motor deficits, but only 14 (25.0%) patients had long term deficits at the last clinical visit. The mean patient follow-up was 14.7 ± 10.1 months. The difference between


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