Vesna Malinova September 16, 2017

Journal of Neurosurgery, Ahead of Print.
OBJECTIVEClipping of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm requires some degree of vessel manipulation, which in turn is believed to contribute to vasoconstriction. One of the techniques used during surgery is temporary clipping of the parent vessel. Temporary clipping may either be mandatory in cases of premature rupture (rescue) or represent a precautionary or facilitating surgical step (elective). The aim of this study was to study the association between temporary clipping during aneurysm surgery and the incidence of vasospasm and delayed cerebral ischemia after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) in a large clinical series.METHODSSeven hundred seventy-eight patients who underwent surgical aneurysm treatment after aSAH were retrospectively included in the study. In addition to surgical parameters, the authors recorded transcranial Doppler (TCD) sonography–documented vasospasm (TCD-vasospasm, blood flow acceleration > 120 cm/sec), delayed ischemic neurological deficits (DINDs), and delayed cerebral infarction (DCI). Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was applied to assess the association between temporary clipping, vasospasm, DIND, and DCI.RESULTSTemporary clipping was performed in 338 (43.4%) of 778 patients during aneurysm surgery. TCD sonographic flow acceleration developed in 370 (47.6%), DINDs in 123 (15.8%), and DCI in 97 (12.5%). Patients with temporary clipping showed no significant increase in the incidence of TCD-vasospasm compared with patients without temporary clipping (49% vs 48%, respectively; p = 0.60). DINDs developed in 12% of patients with temporary clipping and 18% of those without temporary clipping (p = 0.01). DCI occurred in 9% of patients with temporary clipping and 15% of those without temporary clipping (p = 0.02). The need for rescue temporary clipping was a predictor for DCI; 19.5% of patients in the rescue temporary clipping group but only 11.3% in the elective temporary clipping group had infarcts (p = 0.02). Elective temporary clipping was not associated with TCD-vasospasm (p = 0.31), DIND (p = 0.18), or DCI (p = 0.06).CONCLUSIONSTemporary clipping did not contribute to a higher rate of TCD-vasospasm, DIND, or DCI in comparison with rates in patients without temporary clipping. In contrast, there was an association between temporary clipping and a lower incidence of DINDs and DCI. There is no reason to be hesitant in using elective temporary clipping if deemed appropriate.

http://thejns.org/doi/abs/10.3171/2017.3.JNS162505?mi=67t04w&af=R

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