Francesco Corallo, Lilla Bonanno, Viviana Lo Buono, Simona De Salvo, Carmela Rifici, Patrizia Pollicino, Cettina Allone, Rosanna Palmeri, Antonino Todaro, Antonella Alagna, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino September 4, 2017

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the augmentative and alternative communication system on anxiety and depression performances and the quality of life (QoL) of patients who have the locked-in syndrome (LIS) and that of their caregivers.… Read More...

Xiang Chen, Zhijun Zhu, Danning Wu September 4, 2017

Paradoxical embolism is a kind of important pathogenesis of cardiocerebrovascular diseases. In our case, radiofrequency current catheter ablation was accomplished successfully in a 15-year-old girl who had been experiencing supraventricular tachycardia for 6 months. She presented with abrupt onset of left hemiplegia and loss of consciousness on the first postoperative day.… Read More...

Yuya Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Yahikozawa, Ryota Takamatsu, Rie Watanabe, Kenichi Hoshi, Wataru Ishii, Shunichi Sato September 4, 2017

Cerebral embolism is typically caused by a cardiogenic thrombus. The patent foramen ovale is a well-known cause of paradoxical embolism. However, some idiopathic cases of stroke have been reported. Such strokes are designated as embolic stroke of undetermined sources. Among them, lung lobectomy may be a new embolic risk factor for cerebral embolism.… Read More...

Mika Sato-Maeda, Miki Fujimura, Sherif Rashad, Yuiko Morita-Fujimura, Kuniyasu Niizuma, Hiroyuki Sakata, Shuntaro Ikawa, Teiji Tominaga September 4, 2017

The RING finger protein 213 (RNF213) is an important susceptibility gene for moyamoya disease (MMD) and is also implicated in other types of intracranial major artery stenosis/occlusion (ICAS); however, the role of RNF213 in the development of ICAS including MMD is unclear.… Read More...

Asli Bolayir, Burhanettin Cigdem, Seyda Figul Gokce, Hasan Ata Bolayir, Ozlem Kayim Yildiz, Ertugrul Bolayir, Suat Ahmet Topaktas September 4, 2017

Inflammation may determine the prognosis of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), which has high mortality and morbidity rates. Recent studies have increasingly demonstrated eosinopenia as a prognostic factor, particularly in bacteremia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and myocardial and cerebral infarction. Nonetheless, its significance regarding the determination of prognosis in patients with ICH has not yet been clarified.… Read More...

William Ashley, Dustin Hayward, Stephen Johans September 4, 2017

We appreciate Dr. Pearl and Dr. Gailloud’s interest in our case report of a then 3-year-old child who presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage in the setting of a spinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Digital subtraction angiography of the left T11 segmental artery revealed a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with the fistulous connection located at the level of T11 at the neural foramen.… Read More...

Zilong Rao, Huaguang Zheng, Fei Wang, Anxin Wang, Liping Liu, Kehui Dong, Xingquan Zhao, Yibin Cao, Yilong Wang September 4, 2017

This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between thromboelastography adenosine diphosphate maximum amplitude (TEG-ADPMA) and recurrent ischemic events in patients with minor ischemic stroke or high-risk transient ischemic attack (TIA).

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Fenna Floortje Muller, Frank de Beer, Marieke Christine Visser September 4, 2017

Previous research has shown the importance of urgent initiation of antiplatelet therapy after transient ischemic attack (TIA) to reduce the risk of stroke. Many hospitals in the Netherlands have therefore implemented rapid pathways for assessment of patients with TIA. Dutch stroke guidelines lack clear directives for organization of TIA assessment and thus allow for variation.The aim of this study was to investigate variation in organization of TIA assessment in Dutch hospitals.… Read More...

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