Hao Ren, Xiao Liu, Lin Wang, Yanjun Gao September 4, 2017

Lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) is associated with diverse malignancies and cardiovascular diseases. However, it has not yet been identified whether LMR is correlated with stroke severity and prognosis. We aimed to explore the relationship between LMR and stroke severity, prognosis, and the predictive value of LMR on a 3-month functional outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).… Read More...

Oscar H. Del Brutto, Robertino M. Mera, Victor J. Del Brutto, Aldo F. Costa, Mauricio Zambrano, James Brorson September 4, 2017

Basilar artery (BA) dolichoectasia has been associated with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). However, studies have focused on stroke patients, and results cannot be extrapolated to the population at large. In this study, we aimed to assess prevalence of BA dolichoectasia and its association with SVD in community-dwelling older adults living in rural Ecuador.… Read More...

Yuta Madokoro, Keita Sakurai, Daisuke Kato, Yuko Kondo, Masahiro Oomura, Noriyuki Matsukawa September 4, 2017

An accurate diagnosis of isolated posterior inferior cerebellar artery dissection (iPICA-D) is difficult due to the limitation of spatial resolution on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques to detect subtle vessel wall abnormalities. The recent development of MRI techniques, including high-resolution vessel wall imaging (HRVWI), has resulted in the improved diagnostic accuracy and efficiency of iPICA-D.… Read More...

Dimitri Renard, Anne Wacongne, Eric Thouvenot September 4, 2017

In amyloid β-related angiitis of the central nervous system (also called cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation), cerebral amyloid angiopathy occurs in association with primary vasculitis of small- and medium-sized leptomeningeal and cortical arteries. To avoid brain biopsy, clinicoradiological criteria (including clinical features due to inflammation-related uni/multifocal white matter hyperintensities) for the diagnosis of cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation have been validated recently.… Read More...

Hui Fang, Lu Zhao, Lulu Pei, Bo Song, Yuan Gao, Kai Liu, Yafang Xu, Yusheng Li, Jun Wu, Yuming Xu September 4, 2017

The severity of white matter lesions (WMLs) has been strongly linked to small-vessel diseases or lacunar infarction. The present study aimed to investigate the correlation between severity of WMLs and distribution of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) hyperintensities, and to explore whether the severity of WMLs is an independent neuroimaging predictor of stroke risk after transient symptoms with infarction (TSI).… Read More...

Teresa M. Lee, Alejandro Vargas, Sumeet Dua, Rima M. Dafer September 4, 2017

Preoperative transarterial chemoembolization has been widely used as an adjunct therapy for hypervascular metastatic spinal tumors. Several therapeutic iodized oil–based agents have been used in combination with anticancer drugs for injection into a feeding artery. Novel spherical agents with narrow-range particles and lower tendency to clump are preferred for the embolization of vascular malformations and hypervascular tumors.… Read More...

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