Teruyuki Hirano, Hirokazu Kaneko, Sari Mishina, Feng Wang, Satoshi Morita September 4, 2017

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, with increasing prevalence in Japan. Although prothrombin time–international normalized ratio (PT-INR) targets for monitoring warfarin therapy in patients with nonvalvular AF (NVAF) are well defined, real-world patient characteristics and PT-INR levels remain unknown among Japanese patients with NVAF who initiate and continue warfarin (warfarin maintainers) versus those who switch from warfarin to direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs; warfarin switchers).… Read More...

Steven Ray Peters, David Tirschwell September 4, 2017

Intraventricular hemorrhage requiring ventriculostomy placement is a frequent complication of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Although a subset of patients will require permanent ventricular shunt placement, little is known about contemporary practices regarding the timing of ventriculostomy and ventricular shunt placement after intracerebral hemorrhage.… Read More...

Andrea Holcombe, Eric Ammann, Mark A. Espeland, Brendan J. Kelley, JoAnn E. Manson, Robert Wallace, Jennifer Robinson September 4, 2017

To investigate the relationship between aspirin and subclinical cerebrovascular heath, we evaluated the effect of chronic aspirin use on white matter lesions (WML) volume among women.

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Francisco Antunes Dias, Frederico Fernandes Alessio-Alves, Luis Henrique Castro-Afonso, Pedro Telles Cougo, Clara Monteiro Antunes Barreira, Millene Rodrigues Camilo, Guilherme Seizem Nakiri, Daniel Giansante Abud, Octavio Marques Pontes-Neto September 4, 2017

Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and endovascular therapy (EVT) were proven safe and effective for anterior circulation proximal occlusions. However, the most appropriate recanalization strategy in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO) is still controversial. This study aimed to assess outcomes of patients with BAO at an academic stroke center in Brazil.… Read More...

Souvik Sen, Matthew Chung, Viktoriya Duda, Lauren Giamberardino, Alan Hinderliter, Steven Offenbacher September 4, 2017

Periodontal disease (PD) is associated with recurrent vascular event in stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). In this study, we investigated whether PD is independently associated with aortic arch atheroma (AA). We also explored the relationship PD has with AA plaque thickness and other characteristics associated with atheroembolic risk among patients with stroke or TIA.… Read More...

Shinichi Omama, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Yasuhiro Ishibashi, Motoyuki Nakamura, Kozo Tanno, Kiyomi Sakata September 4, 2017

The accuracy of a stroke registration program in Iwate prefecture was greatly affected by cooperation from medical facilities and doctors in the field. The number of registered cases from noncore hospitals was less, but the accuracy of registration was unknown. This report presents the impact and effectivity of an inventory survey of the stroke registry.… Read More...

Longfei Wu, Xiaoqin Huang, Di Wu, Wenbo Zhao, Chuanjie Wu, Ruiwen Che, Zhen Zhang, Fang Jiang, Tingting Bian, Tingting Yang, Kai Dong, Qian Zhang, Zhipeng Yu, Qingfeng Ma, Haiqing Song, Yuchuan Ding, Xunming Ji September 4, 2017

The management of blood pressure (BP) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients undergoing thrombolysis is still under debate. The purpose of this study was (1) to explore the association between post-thrombolysis BP and functional outcome and (2) to examine whether post-thrombolysis BP can predict functional outcome in Chinese AIS patients undergoing thrombolysis therapy.… Read More...

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