October 3, 2023

Injury. 2023 Aug 14:110980. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2023.110980. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: Injury accounts for nearly 4 million deaths and 63 million disabilities annually. The injury burden is disproportionally large in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including Lebanon. This study aims to examine the characteristics and patterns of adult injuries presenting at multiple emergency departments (ED) in Lebanon and further identifies factors associated with hospital admission.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on adult patients (aged≥16) who presented with an injury to one of the five participating EDs from June 2017 to May 2018. Pan-Asia Trauma Outcomes Study (PATOS) variables were adopted for data collection. A descriptive analysis was performed, followed by bivariate and multivariate logistic regression to identify injury risk factors for hospital admission.

RESULTS: A total of 3,716 patients’ records were included. Most injuries were sustained by males (62.7%), patients aged between 16 and 35 years (16-25: 28%; 26-35: 22.7%), and above 65 years (15.6%). Most injuries were unintentional (94.9%). Falls were highly prevalent across all age groups (38.8%), more proclaimed among the older adults’ population (56-65:52.8%; ≥66:73.7%), followed by struck-by object (23.6%) and transport injuries (10.1%). Upper and lower extremity injuries were common across all ages. Most patients (80.9%) were treated and discharged at the ED, 11.4% were admitted to the hospital, 4.3% were transferred to other trauma care facilities, and 2 patients died in the ED. Factors positively associated with hospital admission included: older age (≥ 56 years); private insurance; spine and lower extremity injuries; fractures, cuts/open wounds, concussion, and organ injuries (p-value≤0.05; OR>1).

CONCLUSION: Injury is a neglected public health problem in many LMICs, including Lebanon. While youth and the elderly are most affected, injuries occur across all age groups. This study lays the foundation for establishing a population-based injury surveillance system, crucial for designing tailored injury prevention programs to reduce injury-related deaths and disabilities.

PMID:37598070 | DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2023.110980