Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2023 Oct 8:acad067.354. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acad067.354. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: This systematic literature review sought to investigate Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS) considerations within Hispanic populations.
METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was conducted from 2001 to 2023. We conducted a bibliographical search of peer-reviewed articles through databases PubMed and Google Scholar using keywords Post-Concussion Syndrome, Hispanic Populations, and Traumatic Brain Injury. Included in the review were articles designated as literature reviews published in English examining PCS within the Hispanic population. From the initial search results, 10 articles were extracted for review. After this search, 4 articles were retained. Articles that were excluded were not in English, did not contain samples of Hispanic individuals, and/or did not include PCS.
RESULTS: The literature highlighted clinical features, diagnosis, and management of PCS in athletes, and in individuals who had been admitted to an inpatient unit. Patients who reported higher levels of pre-injury depression and anxiety were more likely to develop PCS. Additionally, the severity of the initial injury was not a significant predictor of PCS.
CONCLUSIONS: The current literature suggests a lower incidence of PCS in Hispanic individuals may exist. However, more research is needed to confirm this relationship and explore potential underlying factors. A possible mediator for this relationship may be increased levels of familial social support. Limitations of the present review include scarce empirical literature in this area of study and small sample sizes of some of the available studies.