Medicine (Baltimore). 2023 Sep 15;102(37):e35215. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000035215.
BACKGROUND: Normobaric hyperoxia (NBH) and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) are effective treatment plan for traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to compare cognitive outcome after mild TBI between NBH and HBOT so as to provide a more suitable treatment strategy for patients with mild TBI.
METHODS: A prospective research was conducted between October 2017 and March 2023, enrolling patients with mild TBI (Glasgow coma scale score: 13-15 points) within 24 hours of injury in Cangzhou Central Hospital. Patients were randomized into 3 groups: group control (C), group NBH and group HBOT. The patients in HBOT group received hyperbaric oxygen therapy in high pressure oxygen chamber and patients in NBH group received hyperbaric oxygen therapy. at 0 minute before NBH or HBOT (T1), 0 minute after NBH or HBOT (T2) and 30 days after NBH or HBOT (T3), level of S100β, NSE, GFAP, HIF-1α, and MDA were determined by ELISA. At the same time, the detection was performed for MoCA and MMSE scores, along with rSO2.
RESULTS: The results showed both NBH and HBOT could improve the score of MoCA and MMSE, as well as the decrease the level of S100β, NSE, GFAP, HIF-1α, MDA, and rSO2 compared with group C. Furthermore, the patients in group HBOT have higher score of MoCA and MMSE and lower level of S100β, NSE, GFAP, HIF-1α, MDA, and rSO2.
CONCLUSION: Both NBH and HBOT can effectively improve cognitive outcome for patients with mild TBI by improving cerebral hypoxia and alleviating brain injury, while HBOT exert better effect than NBH.