BMC Public Health. 2023 Oct 18;23(1):2037. doi: 10.1186/s12889-023-16990-0.
BACKGROUND: In China, data on the prevalence and characteristics of comorbid stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI) in real-world populations are still lacking but of paramount importance for the evidence-based prevention and control of the comorbidity of the two diseases. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of comorbid stroke and TBI in a real-world population.
METHODS: In 2013, a nationally representative, door-to-door survey on stroke and TBI using a complex, multistage, probability sampling design was conducted among approximately 600,000 participants from 155 urban and rural areas in China (Ethic ID: KY2013-006-01). The weighted prevalence of comorbid stroke and TBI was estimated using individuals’ final weight. A Poisson regression analysis was used to compare the rate ratio of the comorbidity prevalence among different subgroups of the population, including age, sex, place of residence, and geographic location subgroups. For analyses of associations between the comorbidities and predictors of interest, all other variables were adjusted for in a multinomial logistic regression model.
RESULTS: Among the 596,536 people, 219 patients with comorbid stroke and TBI were identified. The point prevalence of comorbid stroke and TBI weighted to the China 2010 census population was 29.30 (95% CI: 22.69-37.84) per 100,000 population in China. The adjusted prevalence of post-TBI stroke in patients with previous TBI was significantly higher than that of post-stroke TBI in patients with previous stroke (6021.3 vs. 811.1 per 100,000 people; rate ratio: 11.001; 95% CI: 8.069-14.998). Patients with nonconcussion had significantly higher rates of both pre-stroke TBI (odds ratio: 4.694; 95% CI: 3.296-6.687) and post-stroke TBI (odds ratio: 6.735; 95% CI: 3.719-12.194) than patients with concussion. Compared to patients with ischaemic stroke, patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage (odds ratio: 2.044; 95% CI: 1.097-3.809) and intracerebral haemorrhage (odds ratio: 1.903; 95% CI: 1.296-2.795) had significantly higher rates of post-TBI stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of stroke among TBI patients is becoming a new public health issue. TBI patients, especially those with nonconcussion TBI, are more likely to develop comorbid stroke and TBI than stroke patients, especially ischaemic stroke patients.