Open Life Sci. 2023 Sep 13;18(1):20220677. doi: 10.1515/biol-2022-0677. eCollection 2023.
Currently, there are no cases of targeted, individualized repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatment based on event-related potential (ERPs) results showing the activation of functional brain regions. The identification and treatment of mild cognitive impairment after traumatic brain injury are challenging. rTMS has shown unique advantages in previous studies, with positive effects on noninvasive modulation and neuroplasticity after brain injury. The selection of the rTMS parameters and targets remains controversial. ERPs indicate the cortical activity involved in cognitive processing in patients. Therefore, this study proposes that ERPs can be used as biomarkers of cognitive recovery. The results of this study will guide the development of rTMS protocols for patient treatment. To help clinicians better apply rTMS and ERPs in combination, we conducted a relevant literature review and discussion, detailing the therapeutic mechanisms of the combination of ERPs and rTMS. This will facilitate the precise assessment and personalized treatment of such patients, improve the abnormal processing patterns of patients, and promote their return to life and society.