Koton, S., Rexrode, K. M. September 3, 2017

Stroke poses a heavy burden on health systems, with serious implications for societies and economies. At the global level, stroke is the second leading cause of death and the third most common cause of disability.1 In the United States, about 795,000 strokes occur every year: on average, someone has a stroke every 40 seconds and someone dies as a result of a stroke every 4 minutes.2 Stroke incidence and mortality rates have decreased in the last decades3; however, the aging of populations and improvements in stroke management have resulted in higher numbers of people experiencing a stroke, and more stroke survivors requiring long-term treatment.1 Assessing changes in morbidity and mortality associated with stroke and potential differences among populations and subpopulations is essential as a basis for health policy planning, proper allocation of resources, and development of strategies aimed at primary and secondary prevention of stroke.

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