Stroke

Yi-Cheng Zhu, Xiao-Zhen Jiang, Qing-Ke Bai, Shu-Hao Deng, Yuan Zhang, Zhi-Peng Zhang, Quan Jiang December 15, 2018

Background: The present study aimed to explore the efficacy of atorvastatin on patients with carotid plaque, applying superb microvascular imaging (SMI), and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for evaluating carotid intraplaque neovascularization. Methods: A total of 82 patients (82 carotid plaques) who were randomized into treatment group and control group underwent conventional ultrasound, CEUS, and SMI examinations.… Read More...

Radhika Nair, Kurupath Radhakrishnan, Aparajita Chatterjee, Shankar P. Gorthi, Varsha A. Prabhu December 15, 2018

Background: Sleep apnea is increasingly being recognized as 1 of the important, modifiable risk factors of stroke and cardiovascular diseases. Sleep apnea is thought to impair the functional recovery following stroke. Hence, we evaluated the patients with acute ischemic stroke for prevalence of sleep apnea and compared the functional outcomes of patients with and without sleep apnea, at 3rd month of acute ischemic stroke.… Read More...

David Valentine, Aaron S. Lord, Jose Torres, Jennifer Frontera, Koto Ishida, Barry M. Czeisler, Fred Lee, Jonathan Rosenthal, Thomas Calahan, Ariane Lewis December 14, 2018

Background and Purpose: Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) frequently present with hypertension, but it is unclear if this is due to pre-existing hypertension (prHTN) or to the bleed itself or associated pain. We sought to assess the relationship between prHTN and admission systolic blood pressure (aBP) and bleed severity.… Read More...

Shichao Sun, Yuesong Pan, Lei Bai, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Hao Li, Yilong Wang, Li Guo, Yongjun Wang December 14, 2018

We aimed to externally validate the Get With the Guidelines (GWTG) risk model for all stroke types to predict in-hospital stroke mortality in Chinese patients and moreover to explore its prognostic value in predicting 3-month mortality after stroke.

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Takuya Sasaki, Tsutomu Yasuda, Daijiro Abe, Ryoji Miyano, Mitsuhiro Kainaga, Nagatsuki Tomura, Mizuki Kitamura, Takahiro Nakayama, Ichiro Imafuku December 14, 2018

Although it was suggested that idiopathic thromobocytopenic purpura (ITP) can be a paradoxical cause of cerebral infarction, previous reports indicate that cerebral infarction associated with ITP occurs when thrombocytopenia is already evident at the onset of cerebral infarction.

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Mary Vaughan Sarrazin, Kaustubh Limaye, Edgar A. Samaniego, Sami Al Kasab, Ali Sheharyar, Sudeepta Dandapat, Waldo R. Guerrero, David M. Hasan, Santiago Ortega-Gutierrez, Colin P. Derdeyn, James C. Torner, Angel Chamorro, Enrique C. Leira December 11, 2018

Background and Purpose: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is a time-dependent therapy that is only available at a limited number of hospitals. As such, patients that live at a considerable distance of those specialized centers often require rapid interhospital emergent evacuation with Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) to be considered for MT.… Read More...

Pavel Ignatenko, Olga Novikova, Alexander Gostev, Vladimir Starodubtsev, Galina Zeidlits, Konstantin Kuznetsov, Alexandra Starodubtseva, Andrey Karpenko December 11, 2018

The objectives of our research were to identify whether the new method of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with autoarterial remodeling of bifurcation of the common carotid artery (ARBCCA) influences daily parameters of blood pressure and heart rate (HR) while monitoring them on a daily basis and to assess the efficacy of the suggested method.… Read More...

Guanli Xie, Changming Song, Xiaomin Lin, Minguang Yang, Xiao Fan, Weilin Liu, Jing Tao, Lidian Chen, Jia Huang December 11, 2018

Objective: To determine the mechanism(s) involved in electroacupuncture (EA)-mediated improvements in synaptic plasticity in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion (MCAO/R)-induced cognitive deficits. Methods: Focal cerebral ischemic stroke was induced by (MCAO/R) surgery. Rats were randomly split into 4 groups: control group (sham operation control), MCAO group, Baihui (GV 20) and Shenting (GV 24) acupoint EA group (verum acupuncture, MCAO + VA), and nonacupoint EA group (control acupuncture, MCAO + CA).… Read More...

Karolina Machowska- Sempruch, Anna Bajer- Czajkowska, Karol Makarewicz, Karolina Zaryczańska, Adam Koryzma, Przemysław Nowacki December 11, 2018

Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a genetically determined disease of the cerebral vessels, characterized by recurrent ischemic strokes, dementia, and degeneration of the cerebral white matter. The condition is caused by a mutation in the NOTCH3 gene, whose product plays a great role in the development and physiology of the cardiovascular system.… Read More...

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