Stroke

Kota Sato, Ryo Sasaki, Yasuyuki Ohta, Mami Takemoto, Nozomi Hishikawa, Toru Yamashita, Koji Abe May 22, 2019

Vertebral artery (VA) dissection is one major cause of brain infarction in young and middle-aged adults. Risk factors for VA dissection are hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, trauma, and genetic factors. A 32-year-old man with familial Hirschsprung disease at the age of 2 presented cerebellar ischemic stroke due to bilateral VA dissections.… Read More...

Avinash Beharry, Patrik Michel, Mohamed Faouzi, Thierry Kuntzer, Valérie Schweizer, Karin Diserens May 22, 2019

Background: In stroke patients, early complications such as swallowing disorders (SD) and bronchopneumonia (BP) are frequent and may worsen outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of SD in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and the risk of BP, as well as to identify factors associated with these conditions.… Read More...

Shinya Fukuda, Yusuke Ueba, Hitoshi Fukuda, Takumi Kangawa, Yumi Nakashima, Yasuko Hashimoto, Tetsuya Ueba May 22, 2019

Return to work (RTW) after stroke is the ultimate goal of the working population to achieve economic independence and well-being. Previous studies have reported lower RTW rates of blue-collar workers versus white-collar workers. Thus, investigating predictive factors for RTW of blue-collar workers is meaningful to improve RTW after stroke.… Read More...

Guo-Bao Wang, Yan-Qun Qiu, Ying Ying, Ai-Ping Yu, Su Jiang, Jie Jia, Xiaofeng Jia, Wen-Dong Xu May 22, 2019

Objective: Spastic arm paralysis after central neurological injury has a long-term effect on the patient’s quality of life. Effective neurosurgical treatment for this dysfunction has been described in our previous studies. It is of great significance to determine a set of unified and concise clinical standards for motor function grading in the neurosurgical treatment and management.… Read More...

Masafumi Nozoe, Masashi Kanai, Hiroki Kubo, Miho Yamamoto, Shinichi Shimada, Kyoshi Mase May 22, 2019

Objective: The association between prestroke sarcopenia and stroke severity has not been evaluated previously. The purpose of this study was to determine whether prestroke sarcopenia is associated with stroke severity in elderly patients with acute stroke. Methods: We assessed prestroke sarcopenia of elderly patients with acute stroke by using a questionnaire for sarcopenia (SARC-F).… Read More...

Robert J. Marquardt, Sung-Min Cho, Prateek Thatikunta, Abhishek Deshpande, Dolora Wisco, Ken Uchino May 22, 2019

Objectives: To evaluate the safety of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) therapy in patients with infective endocarditis (IE) with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) or endovascular therapy (EVT) such as mechanical thrombectomy. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients who underwent AIS therapy with IVT or EVT at a tertiary referral center from 2013 to 2017, that were later diagnosed with acute IE as the causative mechanism.… Read More...

Li Zhang, Ran Meng, Shuling Shang, Chuanjie Wu, Di Wu, Shuyi Shang, Lifeng Chen, Yunshu Zhang, Xunming Ji May 22, 2019

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a probable risk factor with speculative roles in the induction or aggravation of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Methods: The association between OSA and AIS severity was retrospectively analyzed using clinical data of first-onset AIS patients, admitted to our hospital between January 2013 and September 2016.… Read More...

Shinichi Wada, Masatoshi Koga, Naoki Makita, Yuki Nakamura, Kaori Miwa, Toshihiro Ide, Kenichiro Yi, Tadataka Mizoguchi, Yoshitaka Yamaguchi, Masafumi Ihara, Kazunori Toyoda May 20, 2019

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess whether carotid ultrasonography indices detect arterial stenosis progression in patients with vertebral artery (VA) dissection. Methods: This was a retrospective, single-center, observational study that enrolled patients with intracranial VA dissection who were admitted from January 2011 to June 2017.… Read More...

Peter A. Rosenthal May 17, 2019

The chief merit of the meta-analysis1 is to alert the fields of medical and dental sciences (separated as they are by a systemic gulf) that sinusitis is somehow linked to stoke. My group’s work, one of the included studies, suggests sinusitis and stroke may arise in parallel from proximate periodontitis, the “a priori” hypothesis proposing links of incidental sinusitis to atherosclerosis.… Read More...

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